This is Episode Number 5 of Payitaht Abdülhamid, Sultan Abdul Hamid II was the remainder of the incredible sultans. He went ahead the phase of history when the realm was bankrupt and couldn't protect itself against its numerous foes. Even with hostility from without and harm from inside, pounded by powers of patriotism and debilitated by inward damage from a portion of the millets, he pursued a valiant fight to safeguard what was left of the once forceful domain. In this exertion, he was somewhat effective, protecting its Islamic center for a long time and keeping the domain out of a noteworthy war for as long. In any case, his strategies and the inner strains developed by the very modernization forms he had cultivated, at last destroyed him.
Abdul Hamid acquired a realm that was in critical budgetary straits. Starting with the Crimean War (1853-1856), the Ottoman obligation mounted consistently. The weight of keeping an enormous standing armed force and modernizing it despite never-ending remote dangers required kept getting, so that by 1878 the open obligation remained at more than 13.5 billion kurush. The expense of adjusting this tremendous obligation was more than 1.4 billion kurush, an entirety equivalent to 70% all things considered. The substantial obligation weight cast a long shadow on all parts of the Sultan's rule, including global relations, training, horticulture and political change.
A militarily and monetarily feeble Ottoman Empire was the object of European royal aspirations. Russia had developed as a noteworthy Eurasian power, having gobbled up the Turkoman regions of Central Asia and the Caucasus. The Russian Czar wanted open access to the warm waters of the Mediterranean to turn into a player in the incredible round of global control. Be that as it may, the Ottoman Empire, sitting with on leg on each side of a wide curve reaching out from the Adriatic Sea to the fringes of Persia, hindered this entrance. To accomplish his points and weight the Ottomans into giving him concessions, the Czar utilized a blend of direct military dangers and circuitous weight through his Serbian and Bulgar surrogates. France, in the wake of possessing Algeria, had her eyes on Morocco and Tunisia. The Italians needed Libya. The domain of Austria-Hungary looked for Bosnia-Herzegovina. The interests of Great Britain lay in Egypt and in the control of access courses to her Indian Empire. Password for this Episode is PAbdUDepi05. Just Germany, which had risen as the overwhelming force on the mainland under Bismarck, favored existing conditions. Be that as it may, she also was eager to forfeit Ottoman regional trustworthiness to protect her interests. Understanding that a war among Russia and Austria-Hungary over their contending aspirations in the Balkans would drive him to favor one side and break his mastery of mainland Europe, the Kaiser of Germany built a union between himself, the Emperor of Austria-Hungary and the Czar of Russia. This partnership was known as the League of Three Emperors.
In the nationalistic mosaic of nineteenth century Europe, the Ottomans remained solitary in their emphasis on keeping up a multi-religious, multi-ethnic, global state. Be that as it may, the very evident gaps in the domain, along national and religious lines were a solicitation to remote intruding. The European forces, utilizing these religious and ethnic divisions as political chances, were resolved to gobble up the Ottoman Empire A bankrupt Ottoman state, named the "wiped out man of Europe" by the Czar, couldn't guard itself and was continually searching for partners who might ensure its regional uprightness. Against these overwhelming chances, Sultan Abdul Hamid pursued a valiant battle to safeguard the realm, in the event that he could, or possibly rescue its center Islamic segment on the off chance that he lost the dominatingly Christian areas. In this interest, he substituted strategy for war, playing off the desire of one European power against another, trading off where he could and purchasing time to change the organizations that held the domain together. To an enormous degree, he succeeded. Yet, he had landed on the phase of history past the point of no return. His imperious style won him the dismay of his kin. What's more, the very accomplishment of his changes set moving amazing powers that eventually toppled him from power and drove the domain to its downfall.
Abdul Hamid II (1842-1918) was the child of Sultan Abdul Majid (1823-1861) and a Circassian mother. As a kid, he got an instruction deserving of a caliph and Sultan. His coaches incorporated a portion of the main ulema and shaykhs of Istanbul. He was knowledgeable in the Qur'an, the Sunnah of the Prophet and in the Hanafi school of Fiqh. He was prepared in Sufi practices too, especially the Naqshbandi and Helveti orders, which had a noteworthy following in the realm. As a sovereign, he searched out brokers, negotiators and pioneers of the Tanzeemat changes, talking about with them issues that influenced the domain and all the while, he procured a wide comprehension of financial aspects, organization and universal governmental issues. As a youngster, he was resigning in nature, maintaining a strategic distance from the frivolities that so frequently expended different sovereigns. He was particular in supplication, hermitic naturally, devout in his religious observances and magnanimous in aura. These characteristics were to work well for him later, charming him to the Muslim masses worldwide and empowering him, without precedent for the nineteenth century, to give a similarity to political concentration for the worldwide Islamic people group.